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【双语】习近平在第三届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式...

文章来源:外交部网站发布日期:2023-10-18 18:49:00
建设开放包容、互联互通、共同发展的世界

——在第三届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式上的主旨演讲

(2023年10月18日,北京)

中华人民共和国主席 习近平



Building an Open, Inclusive and Interconnected World
For Common Development

Keynote Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping

President of the People’s Republic of China

At the Opening Ceremony

Of the Third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

October 18, 2023



尊敬的各位国家元首、政府首脑,

各位国际组织负责人,

各国代表,

各位来宾,

女士们,先生们,朋友们:



Your Excellencies Heads of State and Government,

Heads of International Organizations,

Representatives of Various Countries,

Distinguished Guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,



今天,我们在这里举行第三届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式。我谨代表中国政府和中国人民,并以我个人的名义,对各位嘉宾表示热烈欢迎!



Today, we are meeting here for the opening ceremony of the Third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF). On behalf of the Chinese government and Chinese people and in my own name, I wish to extend a very warm welcome to you all!



今年是我提出共建“一带一路”倡议10周年。提出这一倡议的初心,是借鉴古丝绸之路,以互联互通为主线,同各国加强政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通,为世界经济增长注入新动能,为全球发展开辟新空间,为国际经济合作打造新平台。



This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) I proposed. The BRI, drawing inspiration from the ancient Silk Road and focusing on enhancing connectivity, aims to enhance policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people connectivity, inject new impetus into the global economy, create new opportunities for global development, and build a new platform for international economic cooperation.



10年来,我们坚守初心、携手同行,推动“一带一路”国际合作从无到有,蓬勃发展,取得丰硕成果。



Over these 10 years, we have stayed committed to this founding mission. Thanks to our joint efforts, Belt and Road international cooperation has gotten off the ground, grown rapidly and produced fruitful outcomes.



“一带一路”合作从亚欧大陆延伸到非洲和拉美,150多个国家、30多个国际组织签署共建“一带一路”合作文件,举办3届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛,成立了20多个专业领域多边合作平台。



Belt and Road cooperation has extended from the Eurasian continent to Africa and Latin America. More than 150 countries and over 30 international organizations have signed Belt and Road cooperation documents. We have held two sessions of the BRF before, and have established over 20 specialized multilateral cooperation platforms under the BRI.



“一带一路”合作从“大写意”进入“工笔画”阶段,把规划图转化为实景图,一大批标志性项目和惠民生的“小而美”项目落地生根。



Belt and Road cooperation has progressed from “sketching the outline” to “filling in the details”, and blueprints have been turned into real projects. A large number of signature projects and “small yet smart” people-centered programs have been launched.



“一带一路”合作从硬联通扩展到软联通。共商共建共享、开放绿色廉洁、高标准惠民生可持续,成为高质量共建“一带一路”的重要指导原则。



Belt and Road cooperation has expanded from physical connectivity to institutional connectivity. Important guiding principles for high-quality Belt and Road cooperation have been laid down, which include the principle of “planning together, building together, and benefiting together,” the philosophy of open, green and clean cooperation, and the goal of pursuing high-standard, people-centered and sustainable cooperation.



10年来,我们致力于构建以经济走廊为引领,以大通道和信息高速公路为骨架,以铁路、公路、机场、港口、管网为依托,涵盖陆、海、天、网的全球互联互通网络,有效促进了各国商品、资金、技术、人员的大流通,推动绵亘千年的古丝绸之路在新时代焕发新活力。



Over these 10 years, we have endeavored to build a global network of connectivity consisting of economic corridors, international transportation routes and information highway as well as railways, roads, airports, ports, pipelines and power grids. Covering the land, the ocean, the sky and the Internet, this network has boosted the flow of goods, capital, technologies and human resources among countries involved and injected fresh vitality into the millennia-old Silk Road in the new era.



奔行在铁路上的列车,驰骋在公路上的汽车,联通各国的空中航班,劈波斩浪的货轮,快捷方便的数字电商,成为新时代国际贸易的驼铃、帆影。



Trains speeding along rail tracks, automobiles running on roads, flights connecting different countries, cargo ships breaking waves, and e-commerce bringing so much convenience to people—they have all become symbols of international trade in the new era, just like camel caravans and the sailing ships were for the past age.



一座座水电站、风电站、光伏电站,一条条输油、输气管道,越来越智能通达的输电网络,让能源短缺不再是发展的瓶颈,让发展中国家绿色低碳发展的梦想得以点亮,成为新时代可持续发展的绿洲、灯塔。



Hydro, wind and solar energy based power plants, oil and gas pipelines, and the increasingly smart and interconnected power transmission networks are removing the development bottleneck caused by energy shortage and fulfilling the dream of developing countries to achieve green and low-carbon development. These energy projects have become the oasis and lighthouse for sustainable development in the new era.



现代化的机场和码头,通畅的道路,拔地而起的经贸产业合作园区,催生新的经济走廊,激发新的增长动力,成为新时代的商贸大道、驿站。



Brand new airports and harbors, smooth roads, and newly built industrial parks for business cooperation have created new economic corridors and new growth drivers, and have become the trading routes and staging posts of the new era.



精彩纷呈的文化年、艺术节、博览会、展览会,独具特色的鲁班工坊、“丝路一家亲”、“光明行”等人文交流项目,不断深化的民间组织、智库、媒体、青年交流,奏响新时代的丝路乐章。



Rich and colorful cultural years, art festivals, expos and exhibitions, Luban Workshops, people-to-people exchange programs like the Silk Road Community Building Initiative and the Brightness Action program, and deepening exchanges between non-governmental organizations, think tanks, media organizations, and the youth—all these flourishing activities have composed a symphony of friendship in the new era.



新冠疫情暴发后,“一带一路”成为生命之路和健康之路。中国向各国提供了上百亿个口罩和23亿剂疫苗,同20多个国家合作生产疫苗,为共建“一带一路”合作伙伴抗击疫情作出独特贡献。中国在疫情最严峻的时候也得到70多个国家的宝贵支持。



When COVID-19 struck, the Belt and Road became a life-saving road. China provided more than 10 billion masks and 2.3 billion doses of vaccines to other countries and jointly produced vaccines with over 20 countries, making a special contribution to BRI partners’ efforts in fighting COVID-19. And China also received valuable support from more than 70 countries when it was hit hard by the pandemic.



共建“一带一路”坚持共商共建共享,跨越不同文明、文化、社会制度、发展阶段差异,开辟了各国交往的新路径,搭建起国际合作的新框架,汇集着人类共同发展的最大公约数。



Belt and Road cooperation is based on the principle of “planning together, building together, and benefiting together.” It transcends differences between civilizations, cultures, social systems, and stages of development. It has opened up a new path for exchanges among countries, and established a new framework for international cooperation. Indeed, the BRI represents humanity’s joint pursuit of development for all.



女士们、先生们、朋友们!



Ladies and Gentlemen,
Friends,



过去10年取得的成绩弥足珍贵,经验值得总结。



Our achievements in the past decade are truly remarkable, and there is so much we can draw from them.



我们深刻认识到,人类是相互依存的命运共同体。世界好,中国才会好;中国好,世界会更好。通过共建“一带一路”,中国对外开放的大门越开越大,内陆地区从“后卫”变成“前锋”,沿海地区开放发展更上一层楼,中国市场同世界市场的联系更加紧密。中国已经是140多个国家和地区的主要贸易伙伴,是越来越多国家的主要投资来源国。无论是中国对外投资,还是外国对华投资,都彰显了友谊和合作,体现着信心和希望。



We have learned that humankind is a community with a shared future. China can only do well when the world is doing well. When China does well, the world will get even better. Through Belt and Road cooperation, China is opening its door even wider to the world, with its inland regions turning from “fullbacks” into “forwards,” and coastal regions scaling new heights in their opening-up. China’s market has become even more closely integrated with the global market. China has become a main trading partner of more than 140 countries and territories and a primary source of investment for more countries. Both Chinese investment overseas and foreign investment in China have boosted friendship, cooperation, confidence and hope.



我们深刻认识到,只有合作共赢才能办成事、办好事、办大事。只要各国有合作的愿望、协调的行动,天堑可以变通途,“陆锁国”可以变成“陆联国”,发展的洼地可以变成繁荣的高地。经济发展快一些的国家,要拉一把暂时走在后面的伙伴。只要大家把彼此视为朋友和伙伴,相互尊重、相互支持、相互成就,赠人玫瑰则手有余香,成就别人也是帮助自己。把别人的发展视为威胁,把经济相互依存视为风险,不会让自己生活得更好、发展得更快。



We have learned that win-win cooperation is the sure way to success in launching major initiatives that benefit all. When countries embrace cooperation and act in concert, a deep chasm can be turned into a thoroughfare, land-locked countries can become land-linked, and a place of underdevelopment can be transformed into a land of prosperity. Countries taking the lead in economic development should give a hand to their partners who are yet to catch up. We should all treat each other as friends and partners, respect and support each other, and help each other succeed. As the saying goes, when you give roses to others, their fragrance lingers on your hand. In other words, helping others is also helping oneself. Viewing others’ development as a threat or taking economic interdependence as a risk will not make one’s own life better or speed up one’s development.



我们深刻认识到,和平合作、开放包容、互学互鉴、互利共赢的丝路精神,是共建“一带一路”最重要的力量源泉。我曾经讲过,古丝绸之路之所以名垂青史,靠的不是战马和长矛,而是驼队和善意;不是坚船和利炮,而是宝船和友谊。共建“一带一路”注重的是众人拾柴火焰高、互帮互助走得远,崇尚的是自己过得好、也让别人过得好,践行的是互联互通、互利互惠,谋求的是共同发展、合作共赢。不搞意识形态对立,不搞地缘政治博弈,也不搞集团政治对抗,反对单边制裁,反对经济胁迫,也反对“脱钩断链”。



We have learned that the Silk Road spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit is the most important source of strength for Belt and Road cooperation. I once said that the pioneers of the ancient silk routes won their place in history not as conquerors with warships, guns, horses or swords. Rather, they are remembered as friendly emissaries leading camel caravans and sailing ships loaded with goods. Belt and Road cooperation is based on the belief that flame runs high when everyone adds wood to the fire and that mutual support can get us far. Such cooperation seeks to deliver a good life not only to people of just one country, but to people in other countries as well. It promotes connectivity, mutual benefit, common development, cooperation and win-win outcomes. Ideological confrontation, geopolitical rivalry and bloc politics are not a choice for us. What we stand against are unilateral sanctions, economic coercion and decoupling and supply chain disruption.



10年的历程证明,共建“一带一路”站在了历史正确一边,符合时代进步的逻辑,走的是人间正道。我们要有乱云飞渡仍从容的定力,本着对历史、对人民、对世界负责的态度,携手应对各种全球性风险和挑战,为子孙后代创造和平、发展、合作、共赢的美好未来。



What has been achieved in the past 10 years demonstrates that Belt and Road cooperation is on the right side of history. It represents the advancing of our times, and it is the right path forward. We need to remain clear-eyed and undisturbed in a volatile world, and we need to be keenly aware of our responsibility for history, for the people and for the world. We should jointly address various global risks and challenges, and deliver a bright future of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit for future generations.



女士们、先生们、朋友们!



Ladies and Gentlemen,
Friends,



当前,世界之变、时代之变、历史之变正以前所未有的方式展开。中国正在以中国式现代化全面推进强国建设、民族复兴伟业。我们追求的不是中国独善其身的现代化,而是期待同广大发展中国家在内的各国一道,共同实现现代化。世界现代化应该是和平发展的现代化、互利合作的现代化、共同繁荣的现代化。前行道路上,有顺境也会有逆流。我们要坚持目标导向、行动导向,咬定青山不放松,一张蓝图绘到底。中方愿同各方深化“一带一路”合作伙伴关系,推动共建“一带一路”进入高质量发展的新阶段,为实现世界各国的现代化作出不懈努力。



Changes of the world, of our times, and of historical significance are unfolding like never before. China is endeavoring to build itself into a stronger country and rejuvenate the Chinese nation on all fronts by pursuing Chinese modernization. The modernization we are pursuing is not for China alone, but for all developing countries through our joint efforts. Global modernization should be pursued to enhance peaceful development and mutually beneficial cooperation and bring prosperity to all. On our way forward, we will encounter both headwinds and tailwinds. We need to stay focused on our goal, take results-oriented actions, persevere, and keep moving forward until our goal is met. China will work with all parties involved to deepen Belt and Road partnerships of cooperation, usher this cooperation into a new stage of high-quality development, and make relentless efforts to achieve modernization for all countries.



在这里,我愿宣布中国支持高质量共建“一带一路”的八项行动:



Now, I wish to announce eight major steps China will take to support our joint pursuit of high-quality Belt and Road cooperation.





一、构建“一带一路”立体互联互通网络。中方将加快推进中欧班列高质量发展,参与跨里海国际运输走廊建设,办好中欧班列国际合作论坛,会同各方搭建以铁路、公路直达运输为支撑的亚欧大陆物流新通道。积极推进“丝路海运”港航贸一体化发展,加快陆海新通道、空中丝绸之路建设。



First, building a multidimensional Belt and Road connectivity network. China will speed up high-quality development of the China-Europe Railway Express, participate in the trans-Caspian international transportation corridor, host the China-Europe Railway Express Cooperation Forum, and make joint efforts to build a new logistics corridor across the Eurasian continent linked by direct railway and road transportation. We will vigorously integrate ports, shipping and trading services under the “Silk Road Maritime,” and accelerate the building of the New International Land-Sea Trade Corridor and the Air Silk Road.



二、支持建设开放型世界经济。中方将创建“丝路电商”合作先行区,同更多国家商签自由贸易协定、投资保护协定。全面取消制造业领域外资准入限制措施。主动对照国际高标准经贸规则,深入推进跨境服务贸易和投资高水平开放,扩大数字产品等市场准入,深化国有企业、数字经济、知识产权、政府采购等领域改革。中方将每年举办“全球数字贸易博览会”。未来5年(2024-2028年),中国货物贸易、服务贸易进出口额有望累计超过32万亿美元、5万亿美元。



Second, supporting an open world economy. China will establish pilot zones for Silk Road e-commerce cooperation, enter into free trade agreements and investment protection treaties with more countries. We will remove all restrictions on foreign investment access in the manufacturing sector. In light of international high-standard economic and trade rules, we will further advance high-standard opening up in cross-border service trade and investment, expand market access for digital and other products, and deepen reform in areas including the state-owned enterprises, digital economy, intellectual property and government procurement. China will hold the Global Digital Trade Expo annually. In the next five years (2024-2028), China’s total trade in goods and services is expected to exceed USD 32 trillion and USD 5 trillion respectively.



三、开展务实合作。中方将统筹推进标志性工程和“小而美”民生项目。中国国家开发银行、中国进出口银行将各设立3500亿元人民币融资窗口,丝路基金新增资金800亿元人民币,以市场化、商业化方式支持共建“一带一路”项目。本届高峰论坛期间举行的企业家大会达成了972亿美元的项目合作协议。中方还将实施1000个小型民生援助项目,通过鲁班工坊等推进中外职业教育合作,并同各方加强对共建“一带一路”项目和人员安全保障。



Third, carrying out practical cooperation. China will promote both signature projects and “small yet smart” livelihood programs. The China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China will each set up a RMB 350 billion financing window. An additional RMB 80 billion will be injected into the Silk Road Fund. Together, they will support BRI projects on the basis of market and business operation. Cooperation agreements worth USD 97.2 billion have been concluded at the CEO Conference held during this Forum. China will carry out 1,000 small-scale livelihood assistance projects, and enhance vocational education cooperation through Luban Workshops and other initiatives. We will also step up joint efforts to ensure the safety of BRI projects and personnel.



四、促进绿色发展。中方将持续深化绿色基建、绿色能源、绿色交通等领域合作,加大对“一带一路”绿色发展国际联盟的支持,继续举办“一带一路”绿色创新大会,建设光伏产业对话交流机制和绿色低碳专家网络。落实“一带一路”绿色投资原则,到2030年为伙伴国开展10万人次培训。



Fourth, promoting green development. China will continue to deepen cooperation in areas such as green infrastructure, green energy and green transportation, and step up support for the BRI International Green Development Coalition. China will continue to hold the BRI Green Innovation Conference, and establish dialogue and exchange mechanisms for the solar industry and a network of experts on green and low-carbon development. China will implement the Green Investment Principles for the Belt and Road, and provide 100,000 training opportunities for partner countries by 2030.



五、推动科技创新。中方将继续实施“一带一路”科技创新行动计划,举办首届“一带一路”科技交流大会,未来5年把同各方共建的联合实验室扩大到100家,支持各国青年科学家来华短期工作。中方将在本届论坛上提出全球人工智能治理倡议,愿同各国加强交流和对话,共同促进全球人工智能健康有序安全发展。



Fifth, advancing scientific and technological innovation. China will continue to implement the Belt and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, hold the first Belt and Road Conference on Science and Technology Exchange, increase the number of joint laboratories built with other parties to 100 in the next five years, and support young scientists from other countries to work on short-term programs in China. At this Forum, China will put forward the Global Initiative for Artificial Intelligence (AI) Governance. We stand ready to increase exchanges and dialogue with other countries and jointly promote the sound, orderly and secure AI development in the world.



六、支持民间交往。中方将举办“良渚论坛”,深化同共建“一带一路”国家的文明对话。在已经成立丝绸之路国际剧院、艺术节、博物馆、美术馆、图书馆联盟的基础上,成立丝绸之路旅游城市联盟。继续实施“丝绸之路”中国政府奖学金项目。



Sixth, supporting people-to-people exchanges. China will host the Liangzhu Forum to enhance dialogue on civilizations with BRI partner countries. In addition to the Silk Road International League of Theaters, the Silk Road International Arts Festival, the International Alliance of Museums of the Silk Road, the Silk Road International Alliance of Art Museums, and the Silk Road International Library Alliance that have been set up, China has also launched the International Tourism Alliance of Silk Road Cities. And we will continue with the Chinese government scholarship Silk Road Program.



七、建设廉洁之路。中方将会同合作伙伴发布《“一带一路”廉洁建设成效与展望》,推出《“一带一路”廉洁建设高级原则》,建立“一带一路”企业廉洁合规评价体系,同国际组织合作开展“一带一路”廉洁研究和培训。



Seventh, promoting integrity-based Belt and Road cooperation. Together with its cooperation partners, China will release the Achievements and Prospects of Belt and Road Integrity Building and the High-Level Principles on Belt and Road Integrity Building, and establish the Integrity and Compliance Evaluation System for Companies Involved in Belt and Road Cooperation. We will also work with international organizations to carry out research and training on promoting integrity in Belt and Road cooperation.



八、完善“一带一路”国际合作机制。中方将同共建“一带一路”各国加强能源、税收、金融、绿色发展、减灾、反腐败、智库、媒体、文化等领域的多边合作平台建设。继续举办“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛,并成立高峰论坛秘书处。



Eighth, strengthening institutional building for international Belt and Road cooperation. China will work with its BRI partner countries to strengthen the building of multilateral cooperation platforms covering energy, taxation, finance, green development, disaster reduction, anti-corruption, think tank, media, culture and other fields. China will continue to host the BRF and establish a secretariat for the Forum.



女士们、先生们、朋友们!



Ladies and Gentlemen,
Friends,



十年栉风沐雨,十年春华秋实。共建“一带一路”源自中国,成果和机遇属于世界。让我们谨记人民期盼,勇扛历史重担,把准时代脉搏,继往开来、勇毅前行,深化“一带一路”国际合作,迎接共建“一带一路”更高质量、更高水平的新发展,推动实现世界各国的现代化,建设一个开放包容、互联互通、共同发展的世界,共同推动构建人类命运共同体!



The past decade has been a journey of dedicated cooperation and fruitful outcomes. Belt and Road cooperation was proposed by China, but its benefits and opportunities are for the world to share. Let us meet the expectations of the people, assume responsibilities entrusted on us by history, closely follow the trend of the times, and press ahead with energy and enterprise. Let us deepen Belt and Road international cooperation, and bring Belt and Road cooperation to a new stage of higher-quality and higher-level development. Let us advance modernization of all countries, build an open, inclusive and interconnected world for common development, and jointly build a community with a shared future for mankind.



祝第三届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛圆满成功!



I wish the Third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation a full success!


谢谢大家。


Thank you.

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